Applications

The IWRM impact assessment tools have been and are being applied for following sectors:

Hydropower
Powerplant operation rules, powerplant turbine optimization, reservoir design, dam security, sediment trapping & flushing management, upstream - downstream hydrological analysis, water quality impacts

Nuclear and coal power plants
Coolant intake optimization, coolant impacts, (radioactive) contaminant dispersion, climate change impacts on including plant efficiency

Infrastructure (roads, bridges, dykes, navigational channels, buildings)
Feasibility, design parameter optimization, risk management, environmental impact analysis, climate change proofing

Disaster management – flood & drought
Flood damage assessment, design floods (e.g. 5y/ 10y/ 20y / 50y / 100y), cost & flood benefit analysis, design and operations for reservoirs and detention areas, climate adaptation, early warning systems

Irrigation
Hydrological analysis, irrigation optimization, reservoir design, crop calendars, climate change analysis

Farming systems
Crop calendar optimization, crop suitability, impact analysis of agricultural production on food security, farmer income optimization, climate change adaptation. Utilization of integrated FAO AquaCrop physiological crop model.

Fisheries production
Floodplain, river, lake, reservoir and coastal productivity; sediment, nutrient, flow and flooding impacts on productivity; habitat conditions

Aquaculture
Water flow and salinity impact analysis

Climate change
Advanced dynamic/statistical downscaling, climate change impacts and adaptation (see other application areas)

Socio-economic impact assessment
Analysis on food security, household income, water security, ecosystem services, MERFI agent based modelling

Coastal planning/ICZM
Coastal erosion by circulation, tides and waves; water quality; oil accidents; fisheries production; dredging and sediment dumping; storm surges; coastal flooding; sea level rise including salinity intrusion

Water resources & water allocation
Support for water allocation process; upstream/downstream conflict resolution; water security; reservoir operations; determination of municipal, industrial and irrigation demands

Oil & chemical accidents
Operational oil and chemical spill forecasting, contingency planning, spill combatting support, early warning systems

Land use management
Erosion; landslides; de- and reforestation; spatial planning; hydrological and water quality impacts; urban hydrology